Borobudur Temple is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Built in the 9th century, Borobudur Temple is the magnet that can attract millions of tourists every year.
Based on the Karangtengah inscription, it is estimated that the Borobudur Temple was built by King Samaratungga from Wangsa Syailendra and finished by his daughter, Ratu Pramudawardhani, in the 9th century.
it is not known who was the architect of the building, who built 2 million beams (55,000 m3), andesites that are interconnected like this giant puzzle.
A Javanese legend tells about how Gunadarma who was lie down and stared at Borobudur Temple until he fell asleep and he turned out to be Menoreh hill. Gunadarma then considered to be the architect of Borobudur Temple which is not written in a historical inscription.
Borobudur Temple contains 2672 relief panels, which if it is arranged in a row, it will reach 6 km in length.
The Borobudur Temple relief is divided into 4 main stories, namely: Karmawibangga, Lalitawistara, Jataka / Awadana, and Gandawyuha. In addition to telling the story of the Buddha's life journey and his teachings, the reliefs of the Borobudur Temple also discussed the progress of Javanese society at that time.
To read the story carved in the Borobudur Temple, visitors must bring it clockwise from the east door. After arriving at the starting point then go up to the next level. Thus repeated until it reaches the top of Borobudur Temple. This ritual is called pradaksina.